Dubrovnik – one of the most majestic and sophisticated city in Croatia, which is called “the pearl of the Adriatic“. It is included by UNESCO in the top three most beautiful cities – monuments of Renaissance Europe, along with Venice and Amsterdam. Dubrovnik city got its name in the eighth century, when the Slavic tribes settled in these parts. It comes from the oak forests growing here. The city has evolved over several centuries and, thanks to a highly developed merchant fleet by the middle of the 15th century became an independent republic, the motto of which were the words: “Freedom is not worth all the gold in the world!” And maybe that’s why none of the invaders could not subdue it up until 1808.
XV-XVII centuries. This period was the “golden” period of Dubrovnik: at this time it gained a guise in which we see it today. Fortifications (2 km long, up to 6 and a height of 20 meters), built over 6 centuries and have always been a city of reliable protection from the enemy. They are now in excellent condition and are open to tourists, and risked to climb on them will be rewarded most amazing views over the city and the island. Old Town keeps a lot of cultural and architectural masterpieces such as the Church of St. Vlach, the palace of Prince, the Dominican and Franciscan monasteries, fountains, the famous Italian architect Onofrio de la Kawi, the oldest synagogue in Europe, the Museum of Navigation, Ethnographic Museum and Art Gallery.
Mild Mediterranean climate is combined with an amazingly beautiful nature filled with the breath of pines, cypress and laurel, as well as endless caress of sunlight and crystal clear, warm sea made Dubrovnik one of the most popular resorts. The 12 Elaphiti Islands, elegantly stretched along the coast are an irresistible ornament for Dubrovnik.
Indented coastline has many quiet and picturesque coves, lush greenery, where there are a small tourist village, friendly and hospitable people are always welcome to the guests. Riviera Dubrovnik includes several popular tourist towns such as Cavtat, Plat, Mlini, Slano and Stone, and lovers on the islands may go for Kolocep, Lopud, Korcula and Mljet, the latter is a national park. The cuisine in this region abounds in seafood and meat delicacies of mutton and lamb, it features oysters and mussels from the bay near the town of Stone, and eels from the river Neretva.
When in the summer of 1926 a slovenly wretched old man who was walking down the street in Barcelona after work, all splattered with paint and solidified with cement, did not pay attention to the rapidly approaching tram, which shot him down, nobody was able to promptly recognize in him the great architect. He had no documents and a penny in the pocket and looked like a homeless tramp, the attitude which has always been equally indifferent. And only in the hospital for the poor found that was dying Antonio Gaudi. Doctors were powerless to save him.
Gaudi came to Barcelona in 1868, at the age of 16, where for five years he studied at the Higher Technical School (university) architecture. Along the way he has worked as a draftsman and studied the various crafts (metal forging, carpentry, etc.) in the studio of E. Punta.
In college students Gaudi could not tolerate the analytic geometry, but loved to learn a curved surface. He liked to observe nature in which there are uniform in color or objects in the flora nor fauna, no dead matter. That this diversity he drew his curves and saturated colors of the architectural style. He often fantasized during construction and could begin work without having finished drawings.